Over half of adults over the age of thirty are affected by some level of periodontal disease. Starting slowly with irritation of the gums from bacteria, plaque and tartar, this disease can progress to attack the tissues in the gum and jaw bone. In the later stages of periodontal disease, tooth loss can occur and risk is increased for serious health conditions like stroke and cardiovascular disease. As part of our general dentistry treatments at Columbine Creek Dentistry, we offer periodontal therapy to stop the progression of gum disease and restore oral health.
When treating gum or periodontal disease, the first step is to control the bacteria and infection of the gum tissue. In the early stages of periodontal disease, like gingivitis, increased cleanings, prescription mouthwash and medications can help fight the gum infection.
Removing plaque and tartar with deep cleanings combined with home treatments can reverse gingivitis; however, if periodontal disease has already progressed to later stages, more aggressive treatments may be needed to control infection and the deterioration of tissue and bone.
When gum infection sets in, irritation from calculus or tartar on the tooth roots can cause the gums to recede from the teeth. This causes large pockets to form that give bacteria more places to hide and speeds the progress of periodontal disease. Scaling and root planing can remove the calculus deposits on the tooth roots below the gum line. When combined with infection treatment, this can allow the gums to heal and reattach to the tooth roots. This procedure is one of the most effective treatments for moderate to later stages of periodontal disease.